Medical Marijuana Treatment in Florida

Types of Medical CannabisFriends at Beach in Tampa, FL

The State of Florida currently permits two types of medical cannabis (medical marijuana) treatments for qualified patients:  Low-THC Medical Cannabis and THC-Containing Medical Cannabis.

Low-THC Medical Cannabis
The active ingredient of low-THC medical cannabis is cannabidiol (CBD). This treatment does not cause the euphoric effects typically attributed to cannabis consumption. CBD appears to be non-toxic to humans, though some mild side effects have been reported, including increased sleepiness, fatigue, diarrhea, and change in appetite.

THC-Containing Medical Cannabis
THC is the ingredient that causes the euphoric/psychoactive effects of cannabis. The doses needed to provide relief for the patient will vary, and with this, so can the euphoric effect. CBD should also be an ingredient of this treatment as it works synergistically with the THC, and also can decrease the euphoric effects of the THC. This allows for higher doses of THC to be used by lowering the side-effects of the THC.

Strains, Hybrids, and Ratios
The Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers are taking different approaches to the types of cannabis products they offer. Because patients react differently to the various THC-containing plants, some Centers differentiate their products based on whether it is derived from a sativa, indica, or hybrid plant. Some Centers indicate the individual strain of the plant and offer more than one strain of any given type (i.e., sativa). Additionally, many Centers offer combination products with various ratios of CBD to THC.

How Medical Cannabis Can Be Administered

Available Treatments in the State of Florida

  • Cannabis derivatives may be available in the forms of vapor, capsules, tinctures, oils, and topical, nasal, and transdermal applications.
  • Availability and product forms will be determined by each state-approved Medical Marijuana Treatment Center.
  • The physician must state both the dose and route of administration when entering the treatment plan into the Compassionate Use Registry.

Currently Unavailable Treatments in the State of Florida

  • No whole flower/bud products can be sold at the state dispensaries, though Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers are allowed to sell flower in a sealed, tamper-proof receptacle for use in a vaporizer.
  • Medical cannabis cannot be smoked, and the active ingredients may not be injected into the body.

Dr. David Berger is considered one of the most experienced physicians certifying and dosing medical cannabis in Tampa, Clearwater, Brandon and throughout the state of Florida.


Want to know more? Download our informational guide on medical cannabis.